DAUBASOVA, I.S. (2013) OVARY CYST: SYMPTOMS, DIAGNOSTICS METHODS, TREATMENT. Научно-практический журнал “Вестник КазНМУ” (3). ISSN 9965-01-300-4


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The ovary is one of women’s most significant organs as it is responsible for reproduction. In fact, a woman’s reproductive cycle revolves around the ovary. The egg, whose role is to fuse with the sperm in fertilization, is produced by the ovary. There are two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus, and each is about the size of an almond. The ovary also secretes hormones, one of which is estrogen which is the hormone responsible for initiating menstruation. The egg released by the ovary moves into the fallopian tube, and from there gets fertilized. This natural cycle of the egg is known as ovulation. The process of ovulation can be disturbed by various factors, adversely affecting fertility. One common problem affecting the ovaries is the formation of ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts affect women of all ages. The vast majority of ovarian cysts are considered functional (physiologic). This means they occur normally and are not part of a disease process. Most ovarian cysts are benign, meaning they are not cancerous, and many disappear on their own in a matter of weeks without treatment. While cysts may be found in ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts typically represent a harmless (benign) condition or a normal process. Ovarian cysts occur most often during a woman's childbearing years. Causes of ovarian cysts: Ovarian cysts can occur in a woman when she is of childbearing age. Because of the various hormonal changes occurring in women during this period, a lot of health problems, specifically related to the reproductive system, are experienced. Ovarian cysts are sac-like structures that are filled with fluid. These cysts are found either inside the ovary or on its surface, and they arise if the eggs are not released or if the follicle does not get dissolved after the egg has been released. Diagnosing ovarian cysts: Before treating ovarian cysts with the proper medication or surgery, there is a need to know the exact position and state of these cysts. That is, diagnosing the entire condition within the ovary is essential. The symptoms can be utilized for diagnosis but the best method is to use advanced diagnostic tools such as laparoscopy, ultrasound, pregnancy tests or the CA 125 blood test. A positive pregnancy test would confirm that what is present is a corpus luteum cyst. This may develop when the follicle that has ruptured upon egg release gets resealed and then gets filled with fluid. A pelvic ultrasound is undertaken with the use of a transducer. This is a wand-like instrument that can receive and send high-frequency sound waves. These waves then work to form an image on a screen of your ovaries and your uterus. These images are then analyzed by the doctor to confirm the presence of ovarian cysts. Ultrasound tests also help determine the site of the cysts and whether they are filled with fluid, are solid, or mixed. A laparoscopy essentially works the same way, but a laparoscope is used instead. The change in blood content due to the formation of cysts can be identified by checking the blood composition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cyst, ovary, benign tumor, hemorrhage
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Научно-практический журнал "Вестник КазНМУ" > Выпуск №2 2013 год
Depositing User: Mr Press KazNMU
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2013 04:40
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2013 04:40
URI: http://repository.kaznmu.kz/id/eprint/6828

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